Just as skin exposed to sun can suffer damage, so can your eyes. An effect called “photokeratitis” similar to a sunburn of the eyes is a risk, including symptoms such as a gritty feeling in the eyes, redness, extreme sensitivity to light, and excessive tearing. Other risks and considerations of extended exposure include
—eyelid cancers: Skin cancers of the eyelid, including basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma(SCC) as well as melanoma, account for 5 to 10 percent of all skin cancers. Most occur on the lower lid, which receives the most sun exposure.
—Geographical location: UV levels are greater in tropical areas and higher the closer you are to the equator.
—Altitude: UV levels are greater at higher altitudes.
—Time of day: UV levels are greatest typically from 10 am to 2 pm.
—Environment: UV rays are more pronounced in wide open spaces with reflective surfaces such as sand, water,
—Medications: Certain meds such as specific antibiotics, birth control pills, diuretics can increase your sun sensitivity.
– UV risk is cumulative and our exposure as children can set the stage for our health as adults.
-Some experts note that since children play outside so much, almost half of a person’s lifetime sun exposure can occur by age 18.
You can still enjoy the sun and your outdoor activities as long as you are equipped with the right sun and skin protection.
—Not all sunglasses are made the same way. Invest in a good pair of glasses that blocks 99-100% of UV radiation.
—Ask your eye doctor for specific education about and recommendations for your individual sun protection
—Wear sunglasses even when you are in the shade since shade does not block out all UV rays.
—Wear a wide brim hat or cap when you spend time outside.
—Wear sunglasses on cloudy days: UV rays can pass through haze.
Polaroid sunglasses have long been a staple of outdoor and water recreation enthusiasts. They provide a laminated filter that reduces glare especially on roads and around water.
—Protection from UV rays and their harmful effects
—Vision is clearer with more crisp detail
—More vision comfort and reduction of eyestrain
—Allowing truer perception of colors
-Difficulty seeing LCD screens clearly
-Some downhill skiers complain of reduced contrast while skiing.
TINTED VS POLARIZED
-Tints reduce brightness but do not remove harsh glare
-Dark tints can cause damage by inducing your pupils to dilate which allows more UV rays into your eyes
Get outside and have some summer fun with your family and friends but remember: Your eyes are yours
for life. With a few simple precautions, you can take care of them and keep your vision safe.